The reigning British monarch and the figurehead of a vast empire. She oversaw vast changes in British society and gave her name to an era.

Golden Jubilee
Diamond Jubilee
German Hannover
Coat of Arms

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England Hanover
Coat of Arms

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Father » Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent (2 November 1767 - 23 January 1820)
Mother » Mary Louise Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (17 August 1786 - 16 March 1861)

» » Alexandrina Victoria
24th of May, 1819, Kensington Palace, a pretty little Princess was born, who, according to Baron Stockmar, was as "plump as a partridge." The birth took place at about four a. m., and it was immediately notified to the Ministers and Privy Councillors, who had assembled in an adjoining room, and amongst whom were the Duke of Sussex, the Duke of Wellington, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord Lansdowne, the Bishop of London, and George Canning.
Died: 22 Jan 1901 (aged 81)
Osborne House, Isle of Wight, United Kingdom
Burial: 2 Feb 1901
Frogmore, Windsor, Berkshire, United Kingdom

Predecessor» William IV.
    (William Henry; 21 August 1765 - 20 June 1837) King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of Hanover from 26 June 1830 until his death.
William was the last king and penultimate monarch of the House of Hanover.
William had two legitimate children who survived long enough to be christened and therefore named, Princess Charlotte and Princess Elizabeth; both died as infants. He had ten children out of wedlock with Dorothea Jordan, George FitzClarence, 1st Earl of Munster among them. Though nine of his illegitimate children survived him, neither of his legitimate children did and William was succeeded by his niece, Queen Victoria.

Successor» Edward VII.

≈ Husband » Albert, Prince Consort
    Francis Albert Charles Augustus Emanuel; 26 August 1819 - 14 December 1861

≈ Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise: 21 Nov 1840 - 5 Aug 1901
    Victoria, German Empress, Queen of Prussia and Princess Royal
≈ Albert Edward: 9 Nov 1841 - 6 May 1910
    Edward VII
≈ Alice Maud Mary: 25 Apr 1843 - 14 Dec 1878
    Alice, Grand Duchess of Hesse
≈ Alfred Ernest Albert: 6 Aug 1844 - 30 Jul 1900
    Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
≈ Helena Augusta Victoria: 25 May 1846 - 9 Jun 1923
    Helena, Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein
≈ Louise Caroline Alberta: 18 Mar 1848 - 3 Dec 1939
    Louise, Duchess of Argyll
≈ Arthur William Patrick Albert: 1 May 1850 - 16 Jan 1942
    Arthur, Duke of Connaught
≈ Leopold George Duncan Albert: 7 Apr 1853 - 28 Mar 1884
    Leopold, Duke of Albany
≈ Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore: 14 Apr 1857 - 26 Oct 1944
    Beatrice, Princess Henry of Battenberg

A flourishing Britain gained a dominant world position, in which industries boomed and the British Empire held sway over one quarter of the world's population. At its peak, it was the largest empire in history, controlling more land mass than even the Mongol empire centuries before it.

Britain in the Victorian era saw a dramatic increase in forms of entertainment. Blood sports such as cock fighting and bear baiting became outlawed, and with the enhancement of rail links, seaside visits became more commonplace.

Queen Victoria is associated with Britain's great age of industrial expansion, economic progress and, especially, empire. At her death, it was said, Britain had a worldwide empire on which the sun never set.